Transplantation is transferring of donor organs or tissues from a donor to a recipient. Transplantation of organs is carried out in case of an extremely serious disease when there are no other ways to rescue patient’s life.
Lung transplantation is an opportunity of rescuing life of patients whose respiratory failure is serious and all other therapeutic measures have been unsuccessful in treating the following diseases:
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
- Cystic fibrosis.
- Pulmonary fibrosis (connective tissue disease).
- Exogenous allergic alveolitis (allergic inflammation of air sacs).
- Sarcoidosis (inflammatory disease with changes in tissues).
- Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the pulmonary blood vessels).
Lung transplantation requires an especially precise matching of the height and the weight of a donor and a recipient, as well as careful preparation of a donor. If the heart has been damaged by the pulmonary disease already, combined heart and lung transplantation may be required.